How do people think and communicate about the various spaces they inhabit and create? How does spatial thinking extend metaphorically to abstract thought? How do people segment, organize, remember, and communicate events in time? How do people create and understand meaning in language, on paper, and in gesture? How do the tools of thought affect thought; what are their affordances and constraints? How can spatial thinking be applied to design, to foster creative thinking and to produce more effective diagrammatic tools?